30 FUN & Interesting Facts About Peru

Looking for some fun facts about Peru? Then you’ve come to the right place, as we share some fun Peru facts everyone will love. We’ve fallen in love with the country, and after our first trip to Peru, we’ve been itching to return.

After planning our next trip to the South American country, we decided to share some of our favorite interesting facts about Peru!

Interesting and Fun Facts About Peru

1.) Peru became a Spanish colony in 1572.

Things to do in Cusco - Featured

To be precise, this South American country was called the Viceroyalty of Peru. It was one of the more successful colonies, with gold, potatoes, and other goodies there for the taking; it also allowed for trade with Spain’s other colony – the Philippines.

2.) The Spanish conquered the once powerful Inca Empire.

Machu Picchu Guide - facts about peru

Starting to gain a foothold in the region in the 13th century, the Inca grew a vast empire (called Tawantinsuyu) that stretched from modern-day southwest Colombia to south-central Chile.

The unification wasn’t all bloodshed: it was a mix of conquest and peaceful assimilation. They had an official language (Quechua), comprehensive laws, unique, almost inaccessible cities, and an emperor – or Sapa Inca. The capital was Cusco.

3.) Lake Titicaca isn’t the highest lake in the world…

facts about peru

… But it is super famous, and one of those fun Peru facts you may not have known is that it’s the largest in South America. Lake Titicaca is a deep lake set high in the Andes at 12,507 feet above sea level, straddling the border between Peru and Bolivia. In 2000, an underwater temple was discovered, estimated to be between 1,000 and 1,500 years old. It was built, they think, by the pre-Inca Tiwanaku people.

4.) Peru is a megadiverse country.

Mashpi Lodge - Forest Evening

That’s because there is a whole load of different regions – and a plethora of other species that inhabit and live in those regions. Parts of these include the Andes, the Pacific Coast, the tropical rainforest of the Amazon, and the Amazon River itself. It’s one of the 17 most megadiverse countries, home to a massive portion of all species on Earth.

5.) Peru became independent in 1821

Things to do in Cusco - facts about peru

On July 28, 1821, Peru was declared independent when independence leader José de San Martín captured Lima and made the declaration himself. But it wasn’t as easy as that.

Beginning around 1811 and finishing in 1826, the Peruvian War of Independence involved battleships, marches through the Andes, rebel armies, and many fighting. Thanks to Simon Bolivar, Bolivia (then part of Peru) didn’t get independence until three years later.

6.) Four percent of the world’s freshwater is in Peru.

Four percent of the world's freshwater is in Peru.

Not only is there the Amazon, but there are a lot of other rivers besides. Loads of them begin their courses in the Andes and empty into the Pacific Ocean. Then there are mountain lakes… The result? A lot of freshwaters.

7.) The source of the Amazon River is actually in Peru.

The source of the Amazon River is actually in Peru.

One of those little-known fun facts about Peru is that it’s home to where the mighty Amazon River starts making its way across South America.

It doesn’t just spring up out of nowhere; it’s actually four rivers that result in what becomes the Amazon. These are the Apurímac, the Marañón, and the Mantaro. In fact, the Amazon in Peru is referred to as Marañón.

8.) Thirteen percent of the Amazon Rainforest is found in Peru.

Travel in Costa Rica - Clouds over forest
This is one of my favorite facts about Peru!

The Amazon is the largest rainforest in the world. It’s vast and ancient – we’re talking about 55 million years old! And quite a large part of that rainforest (13%) is found within Peru’s borders. Biodiversity levels are high. This is one of those interesting Peru facts I love sharing whenever possible!

9.) A large portion of the Andes lies in Peru.

facts about peru

The Andes is the longest mountain range in the world. It stretches through seven countries in South America. The Central Andes is located in Peru. Even though they’re mountains, around 32% of Peru’s population lives in this area.

10.) Peruvians speak Spanish and a whole lot of other languages.

facts about peru

Though many people in urban areas will probably only speak Spanish, head out into the countryside (or those mountainous areas we just mentioned), and you’ll find a multilingual nation. Quechua – another official language of the country – is spoken quite a lot, as are other languages like Aymara. As per the constitution, Amazon languages and even Peruvian Sign Language are official, too!

11.) Though officially Catholic, many Amerindian traditions continue

Things to do in Cusco - Iglesia de la Compania de Jesus

Interesting facts about Peru: though it was conquered and cathedrals were built on top of Inca religious sites, and all sorts of other oppression, many indigenous and pagan rituals are mixed with Catholicism.

Corpus Christi, Holy Week, Christmas – all of these are combined with the Amerindian people’s religious traditions. The widely celebrated Inti Raymi celebrated the sun god on the summer solstice.

12.) Machu Picchu was actually a private estate for the Inca emperor.

Guide to Machu Picchu - facts about peru
One of the best Peru facts!

One of the crazy fun Peru facts that will impress your friends! It’s often seen as a “Lost City,” but, a fun fact about Peru’s most visited historic site – Machu Picchu – is that it was built as a summer retreat for the Inca emperor. You can see why. Set on a 7,970ft mountain ridge in the south of Peru, this 15th-century wonder takes “Cribs” to a whole new level.

It’s thought 750 people would have lived there, many of who would have been staff. When the Spanish invaded, they had to abandon this life of luxury, and it remained unknown to the Western world until 1911.

13.) Salt farming is still practiced the same way as the Incas.

facts about peru

What happens is subterranean salty water is let out into a patchwork of pools, where it then evaporates, leaving the salt behind. It’s a remarkable sight, like a yellow version of rice paddies, in a way. Each family has its own pool!

14. Peru changed its currency twice in the 1980s and ‘90s.

facts about peru

This is one of the best financial Peru fun facts now… The South American nation had used the Sol, but due to crazy inflation, this was replaced with the Inti in 1985. This didn’t exactly solve matters; in 1990, the Inti then suffered high inflation.

They even introduced the Inti Million – one of which equaled a million Inti. That didn’t work. So the Nuevo Sol came back into being in 1991 (one Nuevo Sol = 1 billion old Sols). Today it has one of the lowest inflation rates in South America.

15.) Ancient Peruvians used to talk with knots.

Ancient Peruvians used to talk with knots.

Well, not “talk” exactly, but do a whole lot of things just by tying knots. You’re probably wondering what this random fun facts about Peru even refers to. And that is an ancient system of color-coded knot-tying called quipu.

It was used for just about everything, from tax obligation and military organization to recording census data, and as a sort of calendar. When the Spanish arrived, so did writing, so the quipu gradually fell out of use.

16.) Ceviche originated in Peru.

 Ceviche originated in Peru.

You may have tried ceviche, but did you know it originated from Peru? As a ceviche lover, this is one of my favorite Peru facts!

A mix of lightly “cooked” (i.e., cured with lime or lemon) otherwise raw fish mixed with onions, cilantro, salt, chili peppers, and capsicum, ceviche is thought to have originated around 2,000 years ago in the pre-Inca coastal civilization of Moche. Today, it’s considered a national dish of the country.

17.) Peru boasts over 3,000 varieties of potato.

Peru boasts over 3,000 varieties of potato.

You might have a few of these in your supermarkets at home, but wow, Peru definitely takes first place.

Over 3,000 types are found in Peru alone, so fans of the potato rejoice – this is the place for you. The potato was first grown domestically from around 8000 to 5000 BC. Today, they’re still mainly farmed using old techniques.

18.) Peru is home to the oldest continuously working university in the Americas.

Peru is home to the oldest continuously working university in the Americas

Established in 1551 in Lima, the capital city, the National University of San Marcos is actually one of the oldest universities in the “New World.” The university was founded by the royal decree and today is a center of scientific research and a base for influential thinkers and future world geniuses.

19.) Lima is the third-biggest city in the Americas.

 Lima is the third-biggest city in the Americas.

Yeah, it’s not a small city at all. It’s the third-biggest in all of the Americas, following Sao Paulo and the megalopolis of Mexico City. Lima was founded in 1535 in an already-existing Incan agricultural region, but most of the city was destroyed by a 1940 earthquake; much had to be rebuilt. And rebuilt it was; today, Lima’s urban area covers more than 800 square kilometers.

20.) There’s a lot of corn in Peru.

There’s a lot of corn in Peru

It’s not just the yellow kind that you know and love. There is pink, black, purple, white, and orange – a multicolored spectrum of corn. This is one of our favorite food facts about Peru because it makes for such a pretty sight!

21.) Peru is home to the Nazca Lines.

 Peru is home to the Nazca Lines.

These massive drawings – otherwise known as geoglyphs – in the Nazca Desert are thought to have been created between 500 BC and 500 AD. They depict animals, patterns, and humans, all with varying complexity.

When first “discovered” in 1553, they were thought to be roads. All sorts of theories abound – ancient astronauts, early hot air balloons – but the fact you can see them from the surrounding hills makes these ideas seem kind of silly.

22. Peruvians eat guinea pigs.

 Peruvians eat guinea pigs.

While guinea pigs are cute pets for much of the western world, they’re a great snack in Peru. They may not look all that appealing, but guinea pig is a ubiquitous dish. Called cuy, these critters didn’t become pets until the Spanish brought them home for everyone to fall in love with. They’re still very much a traditional (pretty crispy) dish in Peru.

23. Panpipes aren’t from Peru, but the siku is from the country.

Panpipes aren’t from Peru, but the siku is from the country.

Panpipes, or syrinx, refer to the ones that the half-deer half-human Roman god Pan used to play. All sorts of merry-making folk in the ancient world were depicted playing them. In fact, in Peru, notably around the Titicaca region, panpipes are also popular, but they originated independently and are called siku.

24. Ancient Peruvians used to surf.

what to pack for peru

Yes, you may have thought that surfing originated in Hawaii, but one of the most fun Peru facts is that its ancient inhabitants used to hit the waves. We’re talking pre-Inca here, so that’s before 1000 AD.

Even pottery depicts a man surfing on what looks like a log. Evidence suggests there was contact between ancient Polynesians and Peruvians. Peru is still a great surf spot, with huge point breaks and international competitions.

25. People live on Lake Titicaca on floating islands made of grass.

People live on Lake Titicaca on floating islands made of grass.

One of the most interesting facts about Peru: the people living on the floating islands in Lake Titicaca have been a feature of the area since the Incas.

The Uru people harvest grass and use it in bundles for their islands. They’re defensive since you can paddle out to the middle of the lake! One of the islands still has a watchtower on it.

26.) One of the deepest canyons in the world is in Peru.

One of the deepest canyons in the world is in Peru

More than twice as deep as the Grand Canyon, Cotahuasi Canyon is crazy. It’s over 11,000 ft deep! Colca Canyon, also in Peru, is also one of the deepest in the world at 10,730 ft.

27.) The highest sand dune in the world is in Peru.

The highest sand dune in the world is in Peru

In the Sechura Desert, you’ll find Cerro Blanco – the highest dune in the world at 3,680 feet tall. That may not seem that high, but it’s loftier than the tallest peak in the United Kingdom! Not bad for a dune.

It’s situated close to the desert town of Huacachina and has become a popular spot for sandboarding. It takes about three hot hours to get to the top, but getting down is much quicker.

An ancient alcoholic beverage is still a popular drink in Peru

Chicha is made from different things across South America, but it’s made from corn in Peru. Chicha has ancient roots; corn was considered sacred; thus, an alcoholic drink made from corn was even more so. The most popular corn type is the purple-hued variety, which grows in abundance in the Andes. Sales of Chicha in Peru (as a soft drink) rival Coca-Cola.

29. There’s a rainbow mountain in Peru.

There’s a rainbow mountain in Peru

All Instagrammers love Peru facts like this one. We kid you not – Vinicunca is a mountain that’s striped with a load of different colors. This is one of those pretty cool Peru facts. It’s pretty awesome. The name means “Seven Color Mountain,” which makes sense.

30.) Peru is home to the most ancient city in all of the Americas.

peru is home to the most ancient city in all of the Americas.

Ending this list of Peru facts is one of my favorites! Older than the Maya, the Aztec, Inca, Tiwanaku, or any other ancient peoples, the Norte Chico culture is known for some truly ancient ruins – Caral. This elaborate complex is spread over 370 acres and has everything you’d want in a city – plazas, buildings, streets, temples, and an amphitheater.

It was a busy metropolis of 3,000 people inhabited around the same time as the Great Pyramids in Egypt, 2600-2000 BC (roughly). It’s thought to be the basis of Andean civilization.

When is the Best Season to Travel to Peru?

Machu Picchu
High season (May-September)

You may be surprised to hear that winter in Peru is the best time to travel there. Between May and September is the driest time to visit Peru, it’s a bit cold, but it’s certainly better than rain!

Shoulder Season (April and October, November)

Tourism is lower during this time, and temperatures are mild and a little unpredictable. Still, it’s not going to be raining all the time!

Low Season (December to March)

This is the Peruvian Summer, and while you may like the sound of warmer weather, Peru experiences heavy rainfall during these months.

When is the Best Time to Travel to Peru?

As mentioned, the best time to travel to Peru is during the winter. During this time, the air is dryest, and you have less chance of rain. We traveled to Peru in June and had a fantastic time. Just note that it is winter, so you’ll want to bring a packable down jacket and other warm gear.

When is the Best Time to Visit Machu Picchu?

The Andes have two very distinct seasons – wet and dry. December to March is the wet season, and despite getting rained on a bit, it’s still a fantastic time to travel to Machu Picchu. Bring a packable rain jacket.

To avoid the rain, you should visit Machu Picchu during the dry season (May-November). We visited Machu Picchu in June and were met with fantastic weather, great for hiking!

When is the Best Time to Hike the Inca Trail?

The Inca Trail is good to go during the dry and wet seasons, although it closes during the heaviest rainfall in February. If you can, I would recommend hiking the Inca Trail in the dry season!

When is the Cheapest Time to go to Peru?

Peru is a pretty affordable country to travel through, and prices don’t change drastically depending on the season. However, you should travel during the offseason for more of a deal. However, many establishments may be shut down. Although you’ll save a buck, you’ll sacrifice it for unpredictable weather.

When is the Best Time to Visit the Amazon in Peru?

Hoka One Ones

The Peruvian Amazon has the same climate as most tropical rainforests. Temperatures average around 25 °C year-round, and humidity is always high.

June to October is the dry season and is the best time to visit the Peruvian rainforest for trekking. If you want to cruise down the Amazon, the best time to visit is actually the wet season as the rains cause the river to swell.

Plan Your Trip

About Cameron Seagle

Cameron Seagle is one of the principal writers and photographers for The World Pursuit. He is a travel expert that has been traveling the world for the past decade. During this time, he established a passion for conservation and environmental sustainability. When not traveling, he's obsessed with finding the best gear and travel products. In his free time, you can find him hiking, mountain biking, mountaineering, and snowboarding. His favorite countries are Scotland, Indonesia, Mozambique, Peru, Italy, and Japan.

You can learn more about Cameron on The World Pursuit About Us Page.

Leave a Comment