15 Things We’ve Learned From Overlanding Africa

overlanding Africa

It has been a long time since we sat naively in Europe contemplating the idea of an Africa overland trip. Now 12 African nations, 25,000 miles, and zero flat tires later it’s a time for reflection on just what I have learned from overlanding Africa.

We’ll never forget the days we spent in our trusty Land Cruiser rolling through South Africa, Mozambique, Lesotho, Swaziland, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Tanzania, Malawi, Rwanda, and Uganda.


What’ We’ve Learned from Overlanding Africa


We’ve gotten our 15 minutes of fame

Watching kids bombard Cam for Candy
Watching kids bombard Cam for candy

First things first, when you are overlanding Africa and get away from the tourist destinations of the Serengeti, Victoria Falls, or Zanzibar you’re going to be treated a bit like a celebrity. Children waving, smiling, screaming, and running after you. Locals and villagers silently stare in curiosity. In general, people will be very open and curious about the foreigner in their land. Expect to feel a bit like Brad Pitt outside of Hollywood, especially if you are a Mzungu (white person).

We’ve had more than a few instances in East Africa where children will bounce up and down not seeming to contain their excitement screaming at the top of their lungs “A MZUNGU.” It’s cute, funny, welcoming, and heartwarming even if they sometimes do only think we are there to give them candy and money.

At the beginning of our overland trip through Africa we thought that there were many more people like us. Those with a 4×4, tent, and equipped to tackle Africa – but that proved wrong. Overlanders in Africa will often find themselves in empty campsite after empty campsite, going days – even weeks before seeing another tourist. It does not take much imagination to wonder what the big fuss is about when locals see two white people driving through their village in a big truck.

Note – Please do not give children candy or money on your travels as it just encourages them to ask foreigners for this. Plus, we haven’t seen many reputable dentists throughout our travels in Africa. If you want to give I would suggest giving books, pens and paper, or canned food to their parents. It’s also worth noting if you give one child anything you must give them all something or you’ll likely cause a fight between them. 


Forget about asking for help

Charlie the Land Cruiser

Most locals are curious and friendly, but that does not mean they are great navigators. We learned this the hard way a couple times after asking for help in remote villages. Either no one wants to say that they cannot help you for fear of disappointment. Or they just simply wish you would stop speaking a language they can’t understand well and will tell you whatever to make you stop and go away.

Go that way – no that way – now go that way to reach your destination. Two hours later in the middle of nowhere Uganda on a one lane dirt track only big enough for a moped with almost no petrol left and the sun setting. It was there we decided – No more asking locals for directions. This isn’t to say that not a single person will be able to help with directions in Africa because this certainly isn’t true. However, an old fashion map and a GPS will do you better when you drive overland across Africa.


Maps.Me is your friend

Zambia

Have you heard of the app Maps.me? If you haven’t and you are overlanding Africa, or anywhere, you may want to stop right now and download it. This handy map has some of the most remote routes on it through the middle of nowhere.

Forget all the other navigation apps and download offline maps with Maps.me of each country you will be in in Africa. We would literally be lost without it. (Yes, we still have gotten majorly turned around in Africa)


It’s not an overland tour

In Kasanka National Park - Zambia
In Kasanka National Park – Zambia

There is overlanding Africa and then there are overland tours. No matter how many times we have cursed the African continent. No matter how much corruption, bad roads, dirt, long days, and difficulties we’ve had.  We’re convinced we would never trade it for a traditional overland tour.

The places that we have been able to get to and see because we have our own vehicle and time frame have left me speechless. There have been so many times where it’s just us, a beautiful landscape, the birds singing, and a gin and tonic in hand. Almost like no other foreigner had ever stepped foot there before. Of course, it’s much tougher than jumping on a tour, but the experience of doing it yourself is well worth the reward. Don’t get me wrong we see the appeal of the overland tour companies, and I do recommend them to many travelers. Not everyone can drop everything, buy a car in Africa, and hit the road for months on end. A tour is still a great way to see Africa without all the headache of planning and navigating.


For the love of God fill up the car

Africa Overland

In high school I used to ride my 1996 Saturn until it was on fumes, to avoid having to pay for fuel. Don’t be sixteen year old me in Africa.

Sometimes fuel stations are few and far between so planning a route with plans for fuel is important. Always ensure that you have enough fuel to reach your destination. Before any long term trip it pays to have a familiarity with your truck to understand its fuel economy in different environments. Cameron is always plotting distances between fuel points and what we estimate to burn. When it comes to an overland equipment list, jerry cans are one of the best investments.


A bicycle can go very very far

Did you know that you can fit a whole couch on the back of a motorbike? Or how about a store? Think only two people belong on a moped? Think again! There is room for four if not five people!

It always amazes us to see how much can be loaded on even the simplest of bicycles and mopeds in Africa. I do know there is major skill in balancing huge items on the back of bike, and I’m certain I would fall flat on my face. Props to these guys.


There are no rescue squads

Buying a car in South Africa
Getting Stuck in Botswana
Overlanding Africa

An overland vehicle should be equipped with rescue items like an air compressor, tire repair kit, spare tires, tow ropes, a tool kit, high lift jack, shovel, axe, and a water supply. The expenses can really add up, and I’m not even talking about the already big investment for the overlanding vehicle. However, you need to be self-sufficient should the worst happen.

It took us one instance of getting buried up to our chasis in deep sand in Botswana to know that our investment on these rescue items was worth it. It was 100 degrees, remote, and full of deadly animals from the big five. We could have been stuck for days on the track had we waited for a rescue squad.

In fact, there have been instances of unprepared travelers dying in the wilderness when their vehicle gets stuck. Fortunately, we were able to get ourselves out in under two hours, and had we been more experienced it would have been less. If you want to know more, check out what’s in our car here.


You’re never too far from a toilet

Charlie and a Baobab

No, I don’t mean one of those fancy rest stop toilets you can find off a highway in the US or Europe. You won’t find a McDonalds to sneak into to do your business in Africa, you will find something better – nice open fields.

Make sure to keep some toilet paper stashed in the trunk for those long days, as pee breaks off the side of the road near a baobab will be the best toilet you’re going to get. If you aren’t really a bush goer, remember, you will likely want to go in the bush rather than the toilets you’ll find on the African roads.

Among the baobabs in Zimbabwe


Cosmetics are overrated

I usually only wear eye makeup to make up for my super blonde eyelashes when I travel, but for Africa, I completely cut it all out. Sweat, dirt, and makeup don’t blend together quite as well as concealer and blush so free your face and go all natural while overlanding Africa! You’ll likely not need it anyway since the African sun gives your face a nice glow!


I could have been born somewhere else

Somewhere in Malawi
Somewhere in Malawi

On a more serious note overlanding Africa has reminded us of how privileged we are in life. Traveling through rural, undeveloped villages and towns where the only source of water is from a sprocket 3 km’s down the road reminds us that we could have been born somewhere else.

Because no matter what curveballs life may throw at you, the biggest curveball is your birthplace. Were you born in a rural village with no access to proper education, a running toilet, or electricity? Or were you born in a western country to a good family worrying about first world problems? Many of us in North America, Australia, and Europe don’t even know how privileged we are until we see the other side.


Just smile

Hanging out on Lake Malawi
Hanging out on Lake Malawi

Although we feel we have seen rampant poverty we are usually greeted with a smile in Africa. Most people are warm and friendly no matter what they are dealing with in life. We have come across some of the poorest people, with nothing to show but smiles. Makes us wonder who is truly more fortunate at times.


The media sucks

Hakuna Matata Zanzibar
Hakuna Matata

While I can’t lie and say that we’ve felt 100% safe during our whole trip through Africa I can count on one hand the number of times we’ve felt a little bit uneasy. Western media markets really play up Africa into being a scary and dangerous tourist destination that scares people into only traveling with an organized tour or not traveling the continent at all.

Not only that, but news outlets also like to lead people to believe that Africa is one big giant nation. A war in Somalia?  Translation: Yup, definitely don’t go to Africa right now. Civil unrest in the DRC? Translation: You will die in Africa.

I will never travel into a conflict zone, but never will the media make up my mind on where to travel. And no, nothing bad has ever happened to us in Africa.


A crash is never out of the question

To the Chitipa Border Post
Great “roads” in Zambia

It’s true. Most of the roads we’ve traveled through in Africa are downright scary and dangerous. They are pothole rigged, washed out from rain, and sometimes it’s hard to believe there ever was a road in the first place. To make matters worse local drivers can be terrible. They will overtake you without warning, drive at excessive speeds, and then stop in an instance.

We found the main roads in South Africa, Rwanda, and Tanzania to be pretty well maintained but anything off some of the major roads are deadly. Don’t think that the African capital cities are any better because the traffic can be a downright nightmare. I can’t count the amount of semi’s (yes semi’s) that we have seen flipped over on the side of the road while overlanding Africa.


A little dust never hurt anyone

Wild Horses in Namibia
Aus, Namibia

Prepare to get a little dirty driving on the dirt roads of Africa. I’m not talking about just you as an actual person, but your vehicle and all the belongings in there as well.

We stopped regularly washing our car about two weeks in Namibia and have probably cleaned our camping supplies at least ten times a month. You can’t stop the dust and dirt, so embrace it!


Cows don’t give a shit

Africa Overland

If there is one thing to take away from this whole Africa overland extravaganza it’s that cows literally do not give a shit. They have places to go and grass to eat and if they are in the middle of the road you are driving on then you will have to suck it up and wait.

Consider the cows the stoplights of Africa. No matter how big or small you are, let them stand and stare at you while they know you have somewhere to be. Moo over!


Our Overland Trip!


What to Pack For Africa?


Things to do in Crete
Travel Insurance

We don’t travel without travel insurance and neither should you. You never know what can happen in a foreign country and it’s best to be prepared. World Nomads provides good short term coverage

SafetyWing is perfect for digital nomads. See our full review here!

Check Rates


Overland Tour in Africa

Traveling Africa on your own can be daunting to many travelers. However, there is no need to fear with overland tour companies who will show the ropes and a great time. You can check out some of them here to compare the different companies and possibly score a discount.

African Safari Tours


Grayl Waterbottle
Travel Water Bottle

Plastic pollution is a problem in Africa so it’s best not to contribute to the problem buying plastic water bottles everywhere. The tap water in Tanzania is generally not safe to drink, but a water purifier, like the Grayl waterbottle, works well!

However, we also love filtered water bottles in areas we’re uncertain of the water supply. Read more about favorite water bottle for travel in our post.

Best Travel Water BottlesGrayl Ultralight Water Bottle


Travel in Zanzibar
Camera Gear

Chances are you’ll want a camera for your trip to Africa. Our favorite pocket-sized point and shoot camera for quick trips are the Sony RX100V. It takes fantastic photos and video and is the size of your palm. 

For more professional photographs we use our Fuji XT-3, and LOVE IT.

Fuji X-T3

Best Cameras for SafariBest Cameras for VloggingBest Travel Cameras

Africa Adapter
Adaptor

You’ll need this adaptor in Southern Africa, and this one in Eastern Africa.

Buy Before You Land


Africa Guidebook
Guide Book

Sometimes it’s nice just to have a real book in your hands when traveling. We recommend picking up a Lonely Planet to get you through the wireless nights. Are you going on safari? We always carry our Robert’s Southern Africa Bird Book and a good mammal guide.

Lonely Planet


Safari Shirt

You’ll want a safari shirt while on safari. They are lightweight and keep the bugs away. Plus they look ideal in photos and blend into the environment around you!

Shop on AmazonShop on BackcountryShop on REI


Safari Pants

Lightweight pants that are made from synthetic material are tremendous to have in your pack. It’s what we wear most days when traveling around Africa as they’re comfortable, antibacterial, and protect our legs from mosquitos (malaria).

We recommend neutral colored pants as they’re great at hiding dirt and can match most shirt colors. What’s great is they’re useful beyond Africa as they are a travel staple and we pack a pair everywhere we travel.

I like two pairs, one pair is made by prAna and rolls into capris and the other are convertible pants. For men, prAna makes the Stretch Zion Pant, a tremendous pair of hiking pants for a reasonable price.

Women’s PantsMen’s Pants


Things to do in Crete
Rainbow Sandals

Sandals are great for walking around at night when you’re relaxing. Get yourself some Rainbow brand sandals, seriously everyone around you will be wearing them – and for a good reason. They are uber comfortable once you break them in and last forever!

Rainbow Sandals


African Safari Boots
Safari Boots

If you’re wondering what necessities to bring to Africa then sturdy shoes are perhaps the most important thing you will need before you get to Africa.

I love my Merrell Moab Ventilators and have been going strong in them for two years! Check out my other recommendations on women’s shoes, and we have a post on the best safari boots.

I cannot stress a good pair of shoes enough because if you land anywhere outside of South Africa a quality pair of hiking shoes will be hard to come by. If you plan to walk around a lot get thick rubber soled shoes as acacia thorns are prone to stab through thin shoes. Cameron learned the hard way one day when he pulled a thorn out of his foot that went straight through his thin rubber sandals.

Best Safari Boots


Buff Headband
Buff

I love my buff. I usually wear it for keeping my hair back, but it’s also served its purpose as a scarf and wet rag too. Buffs last for years and aren’t only helpful in Africa. I actually wear mine every day when I’m snowboarding in the mountains. It’s been one of my top travel accessory investments ever!

Buffs


Things to do in Crete
Sunscreen

Skin cancer is for real! Don’t forget your SPF when traveling around Africa. We recommend ordering some online before leaving the house as you will need it underneath the sun in the summer.

We highly recommend getting an eco friendly sun cream that does not contain harmful chemicals.

Purchase Sunscreen


Beach Packing List Sunglasses
Sunglasses

Make sure to protect your eyes from the sun. There are a lot of options for sunglasses and everyone should own at least a pair. It’s best to make sure they do have UV protection for the health of your eyes.

We made our first investment in quality polarized sunglasses with a pair of SMITH Optics Lowdown 2. Truthfully, not everyone needs to invest $150 in a pair of sunglasses, but they do make a huge difference from the crappy $10 ones.

See Sunglasses


Best Travel Towel - REI Micro Lite towel
Travel Towel

Most hotels will provide you with a towel, but they often aren’t suitable or allowed on the beaches. I like to travel with a microfiber towel because they are light and fold up small, and they also don’t cling on to sand our dirt. Here are a few of our favorite travel towels.

Best Towels For Travel


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4 Comments on “15 Things We’ve Learned From Overlanding Africa”

  1. Hello, My wife and I are celebrating our 48th anniversary self driving and gorilla trekking at the end of August, and really enjoyed your website and information.
    If I have a car from Kigali, can we drive ourselves into the Bwindi Park and see gorillas. OR, do you suggest flying into Entebbe and driving from there?
    How can we purchase a gorilla permit and do you need a car rental with a guide, and if so, what is the cost for the car hire and guide?
    We intend to go to Kenya to see the great migration at Massai Mira Park, Can you recommend an itinerary to entail all the places above.
    Please advise at your earliest convenience. Thank you! Larry & Deborah L’Hotta [email protected]

  2. I really wanted to read you post on why you moved to the Canadian Rockies, yet every time I click on it, I get directed to ”15 things we’ve learned from Overlanding Africa”

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