What to Expect When You Travel Mozambique

When we set out to travel Mozambique we were unsure of what was in store. However, after a month in the country it turned out to be one of the best decisions we made in Africa. Traveling the Mozambique coast has not just been a highlight of our time in Africa, but has been one of our favorite regions to travel ever.

I have to admit that there is police and governmental corruption, a small rebel army, economic uncertainty, poor roads, slowly improving infrastructure, and add a visa fee. It does not sound appealing to most visitors.

However, there is another side to traveling Mozambique that comes with an interesting history, Portuguese architecture, warm hospitable people, stunning beaches, and amazing Afro/Portuguese food. Here is what it’s like to travel in Mozambique and everything you need to know to have a great holiday in Mozambique.

Mozambique Travel

Mozambique Travel Advice: The Basics

Mozambique Travel Guide Basics

Mozambique Travel

All travelers (except citizens of Swaziland, South Africa, Tanzania, Botswana, Malawi, Mauritius, Zambia and Zimbabwe,) need a visa to enter Mozambique. We found information for obtaining a visa scattered across the internet. Do you need to get a visa beforehand or is a visa on arrival possible? How much is a Mozambique travel visa for Americans arriving? All these simple questions were very ambiguous online.

I get a lump in my stomach every time we cross a border in Africa, thoughts always race through my head. What shenanigans will they come up with to try and squeeze us out of our money? How long is this border going to take me? Am I following all the rules?

We decided to take our chances and arrive by land from Swaziland without a visa. We crossed over the Goba border, which is open 24 hours, and were the only visitors at the border. Thankfully the whole process was fairly painless and took about one hour.

Natasha Alden

At the border, we had to show proof of our accommodation arrangements and have a letter stating that we could drive our rental car into Mozambique. The cost for Americans traveling into Mozambique overland was 900 Rand (or 70 USD) – Cash only. We paid in South African Rand, but could have also paid in USD.

We have no idea if this was the honest price or the price from a greedy border official. With no signs around and no information online, we had no choice but to pay what we were told. However, we did meet another American who paid 500 Rand for a visa on arrival at the airport. Prices in Mozambique seem to change for no apparent reasons whatsoever, just luck of the draw.

If you plan on driving a car in Mozambique you will need to get third party insurance. This can be obtained at the border for 220 Rand, and is good for 30 days. Even if you have car insurance you will still need this “special” Mozambique car insurance as well.

Don’t get had by the runners when entering or leaving Mozambique. As soon as you drive up in your car, tons of people will run after you demanding your paperwork to “help” you, stating that it’s “their job”. The goal is to disorient you, take your documents, and then demand a tip to get them back. Don’t fall into their trap and never hand over your passport. Once someone has your passport you are basically a prisoner to them and their demands, and I wouldn’t expect the police to help you.

That being said, we had zero problems or hassles entering at the Goba border from Swaziland, it’s a quiet less used border crossing. Yet we did encounter these runners leaving and traveling onward into South Africa.

Flying into Mozambique

Safari Pants

Most international flights will be serviced in and out of Maputo. From Maputo, you can easily take a smaller aircraft to some of the more popular destinations. Many of these flights connect in Johannesburg and from there it is a couple hour flight onward to Mozambique. We’ve had great experiences with South African Airways, as they offer a fantastic way to travel Mozambique.

Currency in Mozambique

Mozambique Travel

The Mozambique currency is the new Metical; however, South African Rand and USD are usually welcomed. Always plan to have cash on you as credit cards have not really caught on yet and ATM shortages (outside of Maputo) are quite common. We particularly found trouble when we arrived with zero Metical on us and no ATM’s in sight with a three-hour drive ahead. We pulled over to ask where the nearest ATM was and got laughed at…so make sure to have some backup cash at all times. 

Police Corruption in Mozambique

Mozambique Travel

We were warned by just about everyone that had traveled through Mozambique of the police corruption. The night before we were set to cross the border we spent hours reading horror stories online, and then managed to completely psych ourselves out for getting hassled by the cops in Mozambique. I’m happy to say that after driving 2,000 kilometers, we were only pulled over once. After this encounter with the cops, we were no longer as nervous driving. Here is how the exchange went –

Us: Bom Dia!
Officer/Military man with gun: Bom Dia, how are you?
Us: Great!
Officer: Where are you coming from?
Us: Inhambane, we are going to Vilankulos.
Officer: Ah hah! Inhambane is my home. Did you like it?
Us: Yes, it was beautiful we liked it very much.
Officer: Where are you from?
Us: We are American.
Officer: AMERICA!? I want to go there.
Us: Yes, it’s a very nice place to live…so what can we help you with?
Officer: Oh, you know, it’s just a very hot day…I am very thirsty because it is so hot…
{Catching his drift quickly, we search the car for any sign of a cheap cold beverage so that we can go on our way}
Us: We don’t really have anything to drink…
Officer: Well, I am also very bored…
{We search for anything we can give to entertain this man, the most entertaining thing we can find is a national park booklet lodged under our seat}
Us: Ahhh, here we go. How about a guide to Kruger National Park? Yano, lots of lions in here to read about.
Officer: Oh, I love lions. This will help with my English to talk to tourists, you see. Thank you – have a nice time in Vilankulos! Good bye!
…And off we drive into the sunset (midday).

We still have no idea why we were pulled over, but arguing was not worth it to us. Rather, just give him something small and be on our way.

There are police stops everywhere in Mozambique, and I believe we just got lucky with only being pulled over by a friendly guy. The police don’t discriminate either. We saw locals and tourists getting stopped, black and white. Our story isn’t to say that police can be bought by bribes, just let them initiate the conversation. Never be the one to suggest a bribe, and don’t let the cops ruin your Mozambique holidays.

It’s worth noting that the country has some “Mozambique travel vehicle requirements,” as well. Things like traveling with two reflector vest in each car paired with triangles are mandatory to have. We joined this Facebook group before going to stay up to date on all information regarding Mozambique travel.

Driving in Mozambique

Mozambique Travel

There is basically one main road in Southern Mozambique going from north to south. If you travel outside Maputo at all then you will without a doubt find yourself on the EN1. EN1 is paved and is pretty pothole-less in the south, but it’s advised to always pay attention because there are children walking everywhere and a neverending amount of speed traps. A joy of overlanding Africa. 

We didn’t know this when we entered Mozambique, but almost any road off of the EN1 should be driven on with a 4×4 only. We had a 2×4 bakkie and got stuck a few times and had to get help from the locals. I’ll just say it…Mozambique is a 4×4 country, and you’ll have a much better and stress free time if you have a four by four. Night Driving in Mozambique is also not advised.

The Internet in Mozambique

Mozambique Travel

The internet in Mozambique is developing. However, this should not be all that surprising, this is Africa after all. Chances are you didn’t come to be online anyways. Every place we stayed while in Mozambique either didn’t bother having WiFi or had nonworking “internet.”  If you find that you must be connected while traveling Mozamwbique then we highly recommend getting a sim card.

The two main service providers are Mcell and Vodacom, and you won’t be able to shield your eyes from the crazy amount of advertising for these companies in the country. Registering a sim card should be done at a real store. You will find tons of people on the roads with Vodacom vests on selling top-up cards, but do not register a new sim with them only buy their airtime. Data is extremely inexpensive (500 MT for 5 GB,) and works decently well.

Mozambique Cuisine

Mozambique Food

The food in Mozambique is nothing short of wonderful and when you travel Mozambique I’m sure you will agree. Most of the population lives on the Mozambique coast so hopefully you like seafood! Crayfish, prawns, and crab are caught along the shores and thrown into even the most basic of dishes.

Matapa is another usual flair that may look questionable on the surface, but is actually a fantastic blend of coconut, cassava leaves, and a seafood variety (clam, crab, or prawn) – a must try! A good meal can be had for 200-500 Mets.

2M is the national brew of Mozambique and a large bottle will run you all of 50 Mets. Tap water may be questionable to some stomachs, but we drank it the entire time with our LifeStraw Go water bottle filters and never had an issue.

Malaria in Mozambique

Mozambique Travel

Precaution against Malaria should be taken seriously in Mozambique, especially if you are in well-populated and wet areas. Cerebral malaria is common in the country, especially during the wet season. Don’t be that person who gets malaria on their holiday – protect yourself and ask around you if the mosquitos are bad where you are at.

If traveling from South Africa, doxycycline can be acquired for quite affordable prices even if you are a non-resident and is a good prevention drug for malaria. It’s also worth noting that malaria treatment pills are available at any Mozambican pharmacy without a prescription for about 300-500 mets.

We took advantage and stocked up for the rest of our African travels (but never ended up needing to take them). Always make sure to take the proper health precautions when traveling to Mozambique and the rest of Africa.

Language in Mozambique

Mozambique Travel
Mozambique Travel

The official language in Mozambique is Portuguese, and knowing some of the basics will make any experience more enjoyable. However, Mozambique is a land of many languages with many people being multi-lingual.

We were able to travel in Mozambique just fine with English. The more rural you get the less you’ll be able to understand, but a smile goes a long way!

Tipping in Mozambique

Mozambique Travel

Tipping in Mozambique never used to be a thing, but since South African holiday goers have come and started leaving tips it is now expected in many touristy places. 10% is a fair amount to leave at restaurants.

When staying at private lodges 500 Mets per day seems to be a fair price for the staff, but just ask the lodge managers for their recommendation first.

Is Traveling to Mozambique Safe?

Mozambique Travel

Is Mozambique safe to travel? At the time of writing, there are some safety concerns noted on the Mozambique Wikitravel page, with a few Mozambique travel warnings. These safety concerns mostly pertain to the center of the country where Renamo still has a stronghold. Recently tensions have begun to flair and fighting has returned.

We felt 100% safe while traveling southern Mozambique and felt welcome just about anywhere we went. You’re likely to experience no trouble in Mozambique, besides the general annoyances that traveling Africa can bring. Keep your wits and street smarts about you especially in Maputo and all should be fine. Avoid displaying signs of wealth as an opportunist is will always take advantage.

Average Pricing in Mozambique

Mozambique Travel

I didn’t know this until after traveling all over Africa, but Mozambique is incredibly affordable for African standards. There are plenty of accommodation options ranging from budget to luxury. For a basic, but comfortable, double room in Vilanculos and Tofo Beach, we paid $25/night. We then stayed at a luxurious beach hideaway about an hour north of Inhambane with a mid-range price point of $150/night (a steal in Africa).

Anvil Bay in the Maputo Special Reserve is considered one of the most expensive lodges in Mozambique, and staying here will run you about $500/night. You can find comfort at affordable prices, which is rare in Africa and why I love Mozambique so much.

Food is a delicious mix of vegetarian and seafood and is also cheap! Surprisingly our best meal in Mozambique was also our cheapest and was crab curry for $3 at a local shack in Vilankulos. Activities can make or break you. Our most expensive outing was $50 a person and included snorkeling in the Bazaruto Archipelago and having seafood lunch on Bazaruto Island.

This was an experience I was reluctant to pay $50 for, but afterward, I realized it was completely worth it. For whale shark diving in Tofo Beach, we paid $30, and this happened to be one of our best wildlife experiences throughout all of Africa!

Where to Travel in Mozambique?

It is difficult to put into words the beauty of the Mozambican coastline. It felt like most of our time spent on the coast was in complete seclusion. There are a plethora of places to spend your time soaking up the sun, eating some fresh seafood, or having a laugh with the locals.

Only in Mozambique did we find such beautiful beaches where hawkers, umbrellas, beach chairs, or people were all absent. If you need just one reason to travel to Mozambique, let it be the stunning beaches.

Maputo Elephant Reserve

Mozambique Travel

The Maputo Elephant Reserve lies south of Maputo, the capital city. The reserve is 50,000 hectares of lakes, mangrove swamps, serene beaches, and woodlands. The park is wild with deep sand roads making it accessible only by 4×4 or the air.

Elephants and rhinos used to roam free here before they were poached during the brutal civil war that lasted 21 years. Although, a few elephants remain and more are being introduced.


We spent several days of tranquility in the Maputo Reserve at the beautiful Anvil Bay Beach Camp. We loved every second of our time in the reserve. Our days were spent riding fat bikes down empty beaches, dining on fish caught right offshore, snorkeling over untouched reefs, and taking in some bird life.

To enjoy the reserve you must stay overnight due to the lack of accommodation in the area and the difficulty of arrival. That leaves you with staying in one of the few lodges in the reserve or camping.

Tofo, Mozambique

Mozambique Travel

Tofo Beach is as well a beaten path as there is in Mozambique. However, it is for good reason is one of the best places to visit in Mozambique. While the beach is gorgeous it is the famous deep water bay just off its shore that makes Tofo worth the visit. The bay of Tofo is regarded as one of the best places to see megafauna. We traveled to Tofo to see some of the megafaunas and take an ocean safari out into the bay.

The ocean safari we took is one of the best experiences of our lives. The day was spent swimming along with whale sharks, giant manta rays, and a hammerhead shark. For $30 this experience cannot be beaten. After our full day on the ocean, we grabbed some lunch, hit the beach, and then watched the sunset over the bay as dozens of humpback whales breached just a kilometer offshore.

If you’re looking to go too, the best time to dive in Mozambique is typically between May and September when winds are low and megafauna numerous. We traveled there in July/August and could not have timed it better. Check out my Africa packing list for ideas on what to bring.

Swimming with Whale Sharks with Peri Peri Divers
Swimming with Whale Sharks – an incredible experience

Tofo Beach, however, beautiful it may be, is crowded for Mozambique standards and you may find a slight bit of annoyance from the constant child touts asking you for money every 2 minutes. It actually became amusing warding off these 13-year-olds. One even revealed to me their secret to selling things to tourists.

“If I annoy you enough you will eventually just buy something” and “I’ll go away if you just buy something.” We must confess he’s a smart kid, but we weren’t having any of it.

Just past the main beach and Casa de Praia, there is a fantastic lookout point to watch the sunset over Tofo. This is where we ended our day after our ocean safari. From this viewpoint, we watched around 40 humpback whales put on a dazzling aerial show. We ended our days on Tofo Beach at another laid-back backpacker spot with amazing food. Mozambeats isn’t beachfront, but we would stay there again in a heartbeat.


A starry night in Mozambique

We wanted to see even more of the Mozambican coast. Many travelers in Mozambique use a common route of traveling to Vilakulos after Tofo Bay, but we found ourselves in Morrumbene.

A local village with another untouched coast is where we called Travessia Beach Lodge our home. We loved living five days without shoes and without worry. A laid-back barefoot location where you can see the stars in all their glory is my kind of place.

Mozambique Travel

Did I mention that the Mozambican people are one of a kind? I usually say that the locals are friendly, or the *insert nationality here* are genuine, but the Mozambicans took us by surprise. From the lodge, we were able to visit the local villages in Morrumbene, and everyone we talked to was full of smiles, laughs, and stories to share.

They are the kind of people who seemed happy to give us the shirt off their backs, even though they don’t have many material items to spare. If you need another reason to visit Mozambique, it should be for the people.


Travel Mozambique

About a four drive north of Inhambane is the town of Vilankulos. It is the jumping-off point for the one-of-a-kind Bazaruto Archipelago.

It is home to some of the most scenic islands we have ever laid our eyes on. The horizons here are filled with fine white sand and gorgeous blue water. We took a dhow out to Bazaruto island to spend the afternoon exploring the archipelago.

If your pockets are deep you can stay at one of the few private lodges on the archipelago, but we decided to stay at Baobab Beach Backpackers and enjoyed the laid-back atmosphere there.

Bazaruto Island

Mozambique Travel at it's finest at Bazaratu

The beautiful sand here has been deposited by the Save river and continues to shift with the currents. The spectacle here continues beneath the surface as your eyes will be dazzled by a rainbow of colors as soon as you snorkel the famous two-mile reef.

Besides seeing Bazaruto we were also seeking to spot an elusive dugong. A dugong, or a “sea cow” as the Mozambicans know them, has one of the highest populations in the area, so we were sure we would see one. Unfortunately, we left Mozambique without ever seeing one, but we know we will be back! They were spotted the day before we went out in search so there is always a chance.

Besides the dugongs and the islands, Vilankulos is a pleasant town to spend a couple of days in and just watch life go by. It is a very well-worn city on the Mozambican travel circuit so you are bound to meet other travelers if alone.

Maputo: The Mozambique Capital

Travel Mozambique

We tried to avoid the capital city, as we are just not a big city type of people anymore. We did manage to spend a couple of hours here and found traffic to be hectic, overpriced, and overpopulated with police.

However, for anyone traveling to a few destinations in Mozambique, then Maputo will probably sneak its way into the itinerary at some point. Either on your way in or out of the country. It’s one of the more interesting African capital cities for what it’s worth, but I probably wouldn’t spend much time here unless you want a night out at the bars.

Check Out Some Lodges in Mozambique

Anvil Bay

Anvil Bay

Anvil Bay is a collection of casinhas, or little huts, nestled within the coastal forests of Mozambique. It is a secluded beach camp located along the Southern Mozambique coastline in the protected wilderness region of the Maputo Special Reserve.

Which is home to a collection of Africa’s last coastal elephants and various other wildlife as they are reintroduced to the reserve? The camp was built with the smallest footprint possible on the environment and is quite literally a camp.

Travessia Room

Travessia Beach Lodge

However, it adds to the exoticism, romance, and beauty of the destination, Travessia Beach Lodge. It was late in the day by the time we had arrived after snaking through the sandy roads to the main lodge. We were greeted by the amazing staff here who brave the Mozambican bush to maintain the remote beach destination.

The lodge itself was brought to fruition by some passionate ex-pats who appreciate what an incredible spot in the world it is. After several years of paperwork and construction, Travessia became the perfect destination for a holiday in Mozambique. For us, it was five days with no shoes, coconut waters, and relaxation.

Book A Safari in Mozambique

Kigelia Camp - Nomad Tanzania

Traditionally if you wanted to book a safari you’d have to go to a travel agent and have them book your safari for you. They made suggestions for camps and lodges and then presented you with a large bill. Most of the industry still operates in this fashion.

However, Timbuktu is a new platform that allows you to select the lodges you’d like and see the pricing per day that way you can select the best itinerary for yourself. They will then contact the lodges and help you by booking your safari. With experts on staff, they can also provide suggestions and arrange the little details much like a travel agent.

Plan Your Mozambique Travel

Plan Your Trip to Africa

  • Travel Insurance: We don’t travel without travel insurance and neither should you. You never know what can happen while traveling so it’s best to be prepared. HeyMondo provides excellent short-term and long-term travel insurance plans. 
  • Travel Waterbottle: When we’re uncertain about the water supply we use our Grayl Purifier. It’s come in exceptionally handy around Africa.
  • Camera Gear: Chances are you’ll want a camera for your trip to Africa. We love the Sony RX100V for a pocket-size camera and the Fujifilm XT-4 for a professional camera. Check out our favorite cameras for Africa.
  • Safari Clothes: Lightweight, beige, and moisture-wicking clothing are great for traveling Africa. See our favorite safari clothing here.
  • Safari Hat: A good hat is both stylish and functional.
  • Safari Bag: A durable bag is ideal for traveling around Africa.
  • Safari Pants: We recommend neutral-colored pants as they’re great at hiding dirt and can match most shirt colors.
  • Safari Shirt: Shirts like these are lightweight and keep the bugs away!
  • Boots: While you don’t need to wear sturdy shoes every day, at least one pair of safari boots will make your trip nicer!
  • Travel Adapter: You’ll need a special travel adapter for traveling to Africa. Get one before you get there so you don’t pay a premium on the ground.
About Natasha Alden

Natasha is the co-founder of The World Pursuit. She is an expert in travel, budgeting, and finding unique experiences. She loves to be outside, hiking in the mountains, playing in the snow on her snowboard, and biking. She has been traveling for over 10 years, across 7 continents, experiencing unique cultures, new food, and meeting fantastic people. She strives to make travel planning and traveling easier for all. Her advice about international travel, outdoor sports, and African safari has been featured on Lonely Planet, Business Insider, and Reader’s Digest.

Learn more about Natasha Alden on The World Pursuit About Us Page.

5 thoughts on “What to Expect When You Travel Mozambique”

  1. Hi, Natasha and Cameron,

    Your blog is so organized and well written. Luckily, it answered my question about the cost of a Mozambique Visa. On the Internet, the price is all over the place, now I know why. I may have the ship get our visas. To get a Visa online, we are giving away way too much information to Mozambique, more than other countries require for one-day-visitor.

    We will be arriving Mozambique on a cruise ship. Our Holland America cruise-port entry is the capital, Maputo. I enjoy land travel better, but this around-the-world cruise is pretty diverse and will give us a taste of many places to visit in the future.

    Thanks too for the list of items needed for travel at the end of your Blog, very helpful! I am going to look the items over for our January 2020 cruise.

    Best Wishes for safe travels! Sandy and Roger Anderson

  2. Hi Natasha and Cameron.
    I was temporarily managing Anvil Bay Lodge when you guys came through. I recall you and that you had a good stay. It was directly after entering Mozambique and if my memory is correct.
    Anyway having just read your article above I wanted to say how very pleased I am that you had a positive experience in moz and to compliment you on an extremely well thought out travel advice.
    Am currently back in Botswana so if you pass this way at some time in the future please look me up.
    Mark Dwyer.

  3. Hello! Thank you for the great article. I had questions before the trip, in your article I found the answers. Next year I plan my vacation in Mozambique!

  4. Yes – of course we remember! We loved our time in Anvil Bay and hope to return someday. We actually just came back from a quick trip to Botswana and also had a fantastic time.

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